It can be caused by something you eat or, in more severe cases, it can mean a deeper oral health problem or a serious medical problem. Below we describe the possible causes of common bad breath as well as chronic bad breath or halitosis.
While in most cases bad breath is caused by bacteria, there are numerous health conditions that can contribute to the problem. Bad breath can be a warning sign of other illnesses. Postnasal drip, respiratory and tonsil infections, sinus problems, diabetes, liver and kidney problems, as well as some blood disorders can cause bad breath. In some cases, bad breath could be a sign of cancer and other serious illnesses, such as metabolism disorders.
- General oral health.
In most cases, bad breath is caused by poor oral hygiene. If you don’t clean your teeth and your entire mouth regularly, food particles can stay in your mouth and cause bacteria (also known as plaque) to build up on your teeth. The rough surface of the tongue and tonsils can trap food particles and bacteria in the mouth, causing the unpleasant odor of bad breath. Poor oral hygiene also causes oral health-related diseases such as tooth decay and gum disease, which are also associated with bad breath. Having consistent deep oral care habits is the best defense against bad breath.
2. Strong flavored foods and drinks.
Después de comer ciertas comidas, como cebolla, ajo y ciertos vegetales y especias, las partículas que causan el olor ingresan en el torrente sanguíneo y llegan hasta los pulmones, desde donde afectan el olor de tu aliento cada vez que exhalas.
If you love having a big cup of coffee in the morning to start your day, you may feel like you have a feeling of bad breath. Coffee can be a cause of bad breath given its intense flavor, as well as the effect it has on saliva production. After drinking coffee, caffeine causes a decrease in saliva production. Less saliva means an increase in odor-causing bacteria.
Alcohol use is another culprit for bad breath, so the more you drink, the more likely you are to experience it. Drinking alcohol, particularly in excess, causes decreased saliva production and this is the best environment for odor-causing bacteria to grow.
5. High sugar diets.
In addition to bold or spicy foods, diets that are high in sugar and protein can also cause bad breath. A diet high in sugar can cause bad breath and could be the culprit for halitosis given the way sugars interact with bacteria in the mouth. Bacteria found naturally in the mouth feed on sugars and turn sweet pleasures into unpleasant odors.
6. High-protein or low-carb diets.
Carbohydrates serve vital functions in our bodies, and if your diet is low enough in carbohydrates, it can cause bad breath. When the body does not get enough carbohydrates from extreme dieting, this can lead to changes in the body’s metabolism, which can be the reason for bad breath.Meals high in protein can sometimes be difficult for the body to digest. body and tend to release sulfurous gases when not metabolized. Avoid this by eating a more balanced and nutritious diet, with more vegetables and herbs.
All tobacco-based products, whether they be cigarettes, chews, or pipes, cause bad breath and lead to much more serious oral health problems. In addition to leaving your mouth smelling like an ashtray, they damage tissue and cause gum disease.
8. Digestive problems.
Poor digestion, constipation, and intestinal disorders can cause unpleasant breath odors. If you frequently experience gastric reflux, odors from freshly eaten food can easily escape through your esophagus and into your mouth, causing bad breath.
La saliva ayuda a mantener limpia la boca eliminando partículas de los alimentos que provocan el mal aliento. Cuando la producción de saliva disminuye o se detiene, una afección conocida como xerostomía, es probable que aparezca el mal aliento. Esto ocurre naturalmente cuando duermes, por lo que la mayoría de las personas tiene aliento desagradable al despertarse. Pero si el problema persiste a lo largo del día, tal vez valga la pena considerar someterse a un tratamiento.
10. Prescription Drugs.
Hundreds of prescription drugs have a side effect of drying out the mouth. When the mouth is dry, that is, when the production of saliva decreases, the conditions are conducive to the growth of bacteria that cause unpleasant odors. Having a dry mouth for a long period can cause discomfort and bad breath. In addition, some medications, when broken down in the body, release chemical components that can be transported through the bloodstream to the breath.