1. Tickle the baby
It’s a very common thing: an adult wants to cheer up a child, and tickles him. But researchers at the University of California discovered many years ago that tickling doesn’t cause the same happy feeling that comes from a funny joke: it just creates the illusion of a joyous laugh.
The boy in this case laughs uncontrollably. After all, almost everyone will laugh when you tickle them. But the problem is that children do it even if they hate tickling
2. Put pillows and stuffed animals in the crib
Not all parents understand that a baby just needs a good mattress with a sheet and a small blanket in case she gets chilly in the room. Therefore, they sometimes put a pillow (even if it is small and flat) in the crib. However, there are studies that show that pillows are harmful for babies up to a certain age.
You don’t have to be creative when decorating the crib, either, because teddy bears and other cute stuffed animals, which “sleep” next to the baby, can bother him at any time. Not to mention situations where children are tossing and turning in bed and pressing their faces into them, which can make breathing critically difficult.
3. Use the night light while the baby is sleeping
The dim light on all night in the bedroom is not good for the child. Growth hormone is best produced in the dark. The reasons for using the night light can be different. Mainly it is the comfort of the parents: for example, they do not have to change the diaper blindly. Some mothers and fathers, by the way, have been afraid of the dark since childhood, so they try to prevent their children from having the same phobia, believing that the night light is a panacea.
Tracy Bedrosian, a spokesperson for the Department of Neuroscience at The Ohio State University, recommends those who can’t completely do without a nightlight use the correct light. It has been experimentally shown that green lightdisrupts the biological clock in approximately 90 minutes and blue light in 180, in addition, they make it difficult to sleep. Red and orange light inhibit melatonin production to the least extent compared to green, white, and blue light and do not interfere with circadian rhythm.
4. Excessive cradling
Every parent faces a situation where it is impossible to put the baby, regardless of age, to bed without first rocking. Sometimes this process takes so long that the mothers and fathers are exhausted and the child stays awake.
Pediatricians say that sleep problems can be avoided if you get the baby used to the daily routine from birth and eliminate all external and internal irritants, such as hunger, wet diapers, noise, uncomfortable clothing, etc. . If you cannot avoid rocking your child, it is better that the process be gentle and of short duration
Young children have imperfect vestibular apparatus, and due to intense and prolonged oscillations they can lose consciousness.
5. Hiding the mirror from the child due to popular superstitions
In some countries of the world it is not common to show the mirror to babies so that they do not get sick or not “lose their soul”, this belief is disconcerting for pediatricians and psychologists around the world. Dr. Suzy Green, founder of the Institute of Positivity, on the other hand, insists that parents play with their children in front of a mirror, because the interactivity of this lesson helps them recognize themselves and shape their personality.
It has been established that children of different ages react differently to their reflection, but it is always an exciting and positive experience for them.
6. Create sterile conditions for the baby
“Cleanliness is a guarantee of health”: this is what we were taught from childhood. But modern researchers from different countries unanimously agree that excessive sterility harms the development of the child. It delays the formation of a good immunity prepared to fight infection, and promotes allergic diseases such as bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis.
The main mistake of parents in this case is the excessive love for cleanliness or the prohibition of the child’s contact with pets. The earlier a possible allergen appears in the baby’s life, the sooner it will begin to be perceived by her immunity as a normal phenomenon.
7. Teaching the baby to use the potty too early
The urinal is a very controversial topic. But in this case the main thing is not to recklessly follow the advice and always adhere to the interests of the child. You shouldn’t expect him to start using the potty for his intended purpose at the age of one and a half. In any case, the baby does not yet fully understand how to react to signals from her body.
“Sooner or later, the child will learn to control her desire to go to the bathroom. She then she will start using it. The bladder needs 3-4 years for normal development. Relaxed urination, for example, in diapers, contributes to this, “says pediatric urologist Stephen Hodges.
8. Let your baby walk barefoot on flat surfaces
On average, children begin to walk at the age of one. Some parents rush to buy the first shoes for home, while others, on the contrary, allow the child to take his first steps barefoot. Orthopedic researchers continue to argue about this issue, but agree that not all surfaces are healthy for barefoot walking.
It’s great if the baby walks barefoot on sand, grass, smooth pebbles, but at home it’s harmful to walk on perfectly smooth tile, laminated flooring or laminate flooring. At this time, reflex contraction of the foot muscles does not occur, and the main load falls on the weak ligamentous apparatus. And as a result, the natural formation of the arches of the foot is affected.
9. Have the child eat the entire portion
Many grandmothers (as well as fathers) are upset when the baby refuses to eat the assigned portion of food. Persuasion, blackmail, various tricks and even threats are used. As a result, the plate is emptied, and the parents are satisfied with this outcome.
Only a few people know that this habit contributes to the formation of bad eating habits in the baby. She will not be able to learn to understand her body, but on the contrary, she will get used to overeating.
In addition, the child should not be forced to eat “the first course, the second course and the drink”, since large volumes of ingested food overload the digestive tract. A single dish and a drink during the meal are enough for the baby.
10. Spoon Feeding
It’s best not to help children eat when they already know how to handle a spoon, says Amy Brown, an associate professor of child health at Swansea University.
“Infants who are spoon-fed longer than required are likely to be overweight in the future. In the process of such feeding, it is difficult for children to determine whether they have satisfied their hunger or not. The result is the habit of overeating”, assures the expert.
According to researchers, a child who eats independently has the possibility of eating at his own pace and learn the taste of food, which helps to form a healthy attitude towards the food.
11. Protect the baby from allergens
Swedish experts say that to prevent a food allergy from affecting a child, parents should not overprotect the child from the conditions that cause it.
Göran Wennergren, Professor of Paediatrics at the University of Gothenburg, says: “Letting babies eat food containing allergens is not harmful, but even beneficial! The immune system learns to respond to them correctly. A typical example is fish. Therefore, we recommend adding minced fish fillet to the infant diet from 4 months of age.”
The professor’s opinion is confirmed by another recent study by Israeli and British scientists. Parents in the Jewish community in London did not allow their children to eat peanuts, while children in Israel tried peanut butter before their first birthday. The statistics are unbiased: Israeli children are less prone to allergies than little residents of the English capital.
12.Force the child to share their things
At the age of about 2 years, the baby begins to perceive himself as a person and the things that he considers his own become, shall we say, an extension of him. Therefore, all those who want to take away “ownership” of him, the child considers violators of his personal limits. Unfortunately, few parents take this age peculiarity into account. Moms and dads don’t want others to take their kid for a cheapskate. Therefore, in a controversial situation do not hesitate to make the child share his toy or her food.
Psychologists, in turn, believe that in this way we raise “comfortable” children. They do not know how to listen to themselves and act against their wishes. As a result, they become the women and men who don’t know how to say no, even if it’s in their best interest.
13.Wrap baby up when hands and feet are cold
The feet cool to the touch, like the palms and nose of a child, are not a sign of hypothermia: due to the peculiarities of the vascular tone and blood circulation, they are significantly cooler than the rest of the body parts . The optimum temperature in the baby’s room is considered to be 19–22 °С. In such conditions, the baby does not need a hat, gloves and socks: the skin of the body must breathe, and the hands and feet must be in contact with the air.
By the way, in the case of babies, the risk of overheating is much higher than that of hypothermia. The most common symptoms of overheating are a moist neck and nape, as well as skin color, which should be pale pink at the right body temperature. Pink or flushed skin means the baby is hot and at least one layer of clothing should be removed.
Did you find these recommendations useful? Or maybe you think that parents know better than any scientist what their children need?